Hello! ♡ In this tutorial I want to show in a simple way what configuration and steps to use when making lineart, what tools can help you and some useful tips.
STYLE AND TOOLS
The lineart can cover many different styles and uses, it can be used for both color illustrations and black and white inked images, or with some type of dithering ...
It is very important to be clear about what style you want to achieve before starting with your drawing, so that the work is easier and faster. In this TIP we are going to talk only about lineart and inking (without more elements in the image), since despite the different results the process is the same.
Let's start with the tools:
✦ WHAT BRUSHES TO USE? ✦
The best tools for inking can be found in the pencils and pens sections of CLIP STUDIO PAINT.
You will find different brushes that differ in the thickness of the stroke, the texture or the opacity. I recommend trying some if you are not used to them to find out which one you like the most and is more comfortable depending on the way you draw. Also, making a few strokes will help you warm up before starting your drawing!
You can also search for new brushes in the CLIP STUDIO ASSETS material cloud.
For the drawing of this tutorial I have used the textured pen.
These are some brushes that I usually use to make lineart:
- real G
- Darker pencil
✧ THINGS TO KEEP IN MIND ✧
1) The size of the brush is important to make the image look good. For example, thin lines are used to create textures, while thick lines make the outlines of figures stand out.
For a resolution around 2000px you might use sizes between 10 and 30.
You can also set the pressure of the pen to have more control over the thickness of the line. To do this, go to the pressure settings menu (File> Pen Pressure Settings). When you modify the curve you will be able to choose the option to “Check settings” and if you want your configuration to be “Harder” or “More sensitive”.
For lineart, it is advisable to use gentle pressure. Do the tests you need and press "Done" to apply the changes.
2) The lines should look clean. To do this, use the "Stabilization" function in the properties of the tool, with which you can modify the firmness of your lines. The values 0 and 100 are not recommended as they are the most extreme points of this function, their effect is too marked. For normal handling I advise using a 20, and if you need more stabilization, it is best to reach a maximum of 80.
3) ▧ PERSONAL TIP ▨ When making the lineart I set the colors to black, white and "transparent". The “transparent” can be used as an eraser by keeping the brush you are using, that is, you can correct your lines using the same thickness, texture and opacity settings.
The following image is an example of erasing using the color "transparent" and the eraser on two types of brushes:
☆ Now that we have everything ready we can start the drawing process ☆
Start with a sketch that is as complete as possible, it is much easier to ink with a clean drawing to avoid blocking yourself during inking. Don't worry about repeating the sketch several times until you feel comfortable with it.
(Sometimes I add gray in some areas of the sketch using another layer to have a reference of where the shadows are, this step is also very useful when inking)
✦ LINEART ✦
The next level is to start with the lines, here we would go on to elaborate a lineart of our sketch, without shadows or other elements. As we said at the beginning, you can give your drawing volume using lines of different thicknesses: if you use thicker strokes around the silhouette you can make the drawing stand out from the details.
✧ ENTINTADO ✧
The next step is to do the inking. With it you can fill in the areas that have dark tones, add shadows and mark some textures. Time to add the black color.
Although the areas are dark they must be distinguishable. To achieve this, you can play with the shapes of the shadows (example: the folds of the skirt) or make patterns and textures so that there are different levels of darkness (example: the area of the right arm).
In this case, all the wefts of the clothing are made by hand and those of the hidden arm are made with a special parallel curve rule. The straight rulers also work well, the important thing is that it adapts to the shape of the figure. You can use both methods!
✦ DETAILS ✦
Once you have finished the whole drawing process you can add decorations and small details. This last step is useful to use the white color if you want to include areas of light or parts that are lighter. As the drawing is practically finished, you can also go over some areas that you think are not quite right.
In this image mainly small highlights have been added to the eyes, the hair has been textured and the inner area and the pleats of the skirt have been retouched. The rest of the details have consisted of retouching some lines and eliminating strokes that appeared by mistake.
✧ CLEAN THE LINEART ✧
When the final image is black and white, nothing happens if you draw directly with white. However, if you are going to use the lineart to add color (or for other uses) you may need to clean up the drawing and leave only the areas painted in black.
With the function (Edit> Convert Lightness to Opacity) it is possible to convert white areas into transparent pixels without spoiling the black tint.
⚠ ATTENTION ⚠ - This method only works 100% on pure black and white images. Pure white is the highest luminosity and becomes the lowest opacity (that is, it becomes transparent). With pure black the opposite occurs (minimum luminosity = maximum opacity).
If your image contains gray tones, these will lower their opacity more or less depending on the level of luminosity they have, but they will not disappear completely or remain intact.
TIPS WHEN WORKING
⭑ PRACTICE TEXTURES ⭑
It is highly recommended to practice your outline day after day, or every time you are going to start a drawing of this type. To do this, open a canvas and repeat different patterns or textures on it, vary the pressure on the strokes, the direction of the line ...
You will notice that some strokes come out better than others. By repeating these exercises you will gradually get used to this type of work and it will be easier for you to create higher quality contours, volumes and textures.
⭒ ARM MOVEMENT ⭒
Your hand is not the only part of your body that draws, your entire arm works at the same time to create different types of lines. You can draw short and precise lines by turning your wrist (1), by moving the elbow and forearm you better control the longer lines (2). The shoulder allows you to make even longer strokes (3), very useful for scenery and effect lines, for working in large formats or when you need to draw lines from one end of the canvas to the other.
As you can see, the curvature decreases and the length increases. As in the previous section, practicing the arm movements is good learning.
⭑ ROTATING THE CANVAS ⭑
Sometimes some lines are easier than others, sometimes your hand works better in only one direction. CLIP STUDIO PAINT has a number of functions in the image browser to rotate the canvas. If you can't turn your hand, turn the picture!
From left to right we find:
- Left rotation
- Right rotation
- Calibrator (puts the image straight, at point 0.0)
- Flip horizontal
- Flip vertical
⭒ ZOOM ⭒
One of the main mistakes in digital artists is not using the correct zoom when drawing, detailing areas so small that they will not be seen later or drawing from so far that there are hardly any details. How can this error be corrected? In the browser window, in the zoom options, you will find this function:
When you select it, your image is automatically placed at 100%, that is, that is the maximum size of your drawing. To avoid wasting time on details or errors that will not be appreciated later, the best advice is to NEVER go over 100% zoom.
To its right is the "full screen" button, which places your canvas occupying the entire window. If you get used to working between these two magnification margins ("full screen" ~ 100%) it will be much easier to overcome this problem.
⭑ SECOND WINDOW ⭑
This is another option that helps you know if what you are drawing will look good when you put your drawing in full. Go to (Window> Canvas> New Window) and it will open a new view of your canvas.
Put your image in full size in the new window, drag and resize it to place it where you want. Now, zoom in on your image on the first canvas and start drawing. You can work in small areas comfortably while, in the new viewer, you can check if it is seen correctly in full size.
° ˖ ✧ END ✧ ˖ °
This is the end of this tutorial with all the advice I can give about lineart, thanks for reading to the end. I hope they are useful and that they help you! (๑ • ̀ ㅂ • ́) و ✧