Easy way to draw and colour tree background
Hello hello, welcome to another episode of my illustration, I am Daniel and for today's tutorial we will be looking at [easy way to draw and colour tree background].
We will be going through the various components which I make use of when I draw and colour various kinds of trees out there with CSP (clip studio paint). And for the canvas we will be using is [1167px × 874px] revolution 72
◾Basic tree components :
The Leaf is component that make up a tree and before we draw a tree we do need to know. And to be about to easily draw the various kinds of leaf, I break it in to six steps.
• Step one
Draw sharp S Or C curve shapes,
• Step two
Draw a kite shape guidelines around the S shape with the both vertical edge curved,
• Step three
Draw a Ziggy line at the right hand side using the kite shape as a guideline,
• Step four
Draw the Ziggy line for the left hand side using the kite shape also as a guideline with that we are done with the boundary wall and we can now move to...
• Step five
Draw the line of attachment for the right hand side attaching the S shape to the boundary wall,
• Step six
Draw the line of attachment for the left hand side attaching the S shape to the boundary wall with that we are done drawing our Leaf.
Depending on the tree the leaf can be different because their are different kinds of tree and so their are different kinds of Leaf,
The Leaf can be attach to the tree branch in this six step as follows
• Step one
Draw a straight horizontal line,
• Step two
Draw on a new layer, two short branches at left and right hand side, and on top of the horizontal line we draw a leaf,
• Step three
Draw on a another new layer, two short branches such as the other one above but below, and two Leaf at the end of the two branches on the middle of the horizontal line,
• Step four
Create another new layer, duplicate two short branches such as the ones above, and two Leaf at the end of the two branches,
• Step five
Create another new layer, duplicate two short branches such as the ones above, and two Leaf at the top two branches on the bottom part of the horizontal line with that we are done with the rough sketch, we can now move on to...
• Step six
Drawing the lineart of both the Branches and Leaves.
Also, keep in mind that trees are not flat.
The limbs and branches grow in all directions - all 360 degrees.
The branches, that grow out of limbs - are even thinner; and they are attach to the truck. Branch is general, meaning either a large or a small division.
The twigs (Green shapes) - they are the thinnest shapes which leaves spout out of.
• Bough (Blue shapes) refers only to the larger branches: a bough loaded with fruits.
• Limb (twig & bough) refer to divisions of a tree.
Make use of line to easily represent the division of the various point of junction give raise to two or more [twigs] attachment as the name implies [Branches] Repesented with the arrow which shows Pointing different direction of the stem, Some of this point have [Leaf] attach to their end.
Or some [Fruits] attach to them.
The Tree trunk is another component of a tree which is usually the thickest part (red shape);
The stem can sprouts up to be either thick or thin, and the stem can either be two or more that makes up a full tree,
And because their are different kinds of tree, the stem texture varies base on the nature of the tree and at atmosphere.
Now to draw a full tree, I first of all paint in our the stem then I create layer below the stem layer I paint Back side of the tree,
Next, each branch in the front of the stem is holds its own mass of leaves. For good and easy identification each mass of leaves I gradient to give each its own 3D form as (Crown).
How much space does the crown take?
This question may cross your mind when you hear that tree leaves are group in masses called (Crown).
All you need do when drawing crown
is just define it using simple shape like circle.
Root is also another component of a tree which the stem is attach to it's top with the root either totally beared or partial beared into the ground.
• Like for the totally beared the root can not be see because it is bear in the ground.
• while for the partially beared the root are slightly showing out and tip is beared deep.
Base on the different kinds of tree, their root can be drawn different like
With everyone of the components to now make up a tree
◾Forms of trees
When we Analyze trees, we will notice that tree are forms and those Form refers to the overall growth pattern of a tree. Some trees grow very straight with narrow branching, while others may be short with very wide branching. To examine the form of a tree, it is best to stand a short distance away.
Trees are not flat!
If you simplify a tree form to the very basics - it comes down to a lollipop form: a round or conical form on a stick.
Each of the form above has a highlighted side, a shadow side, and a drop shadow beneath it.
And those simplify shapes a use to identify the various forms of tree which is as follows
When I am want to draw the different forms of tree, I straight by imagine them trees a made of several line attaching each other with a central line as trunk.
But the different for this three different trees is that for the first which is;
• (Pyramidal) tree there leaves are straight and their leaves do cover their stem from top to bottom but their do not touch the ground.
• (Oval) trees are made of crown that cover the stem in form of a dome.
• For (Opening) trees as the name implies the leaves are round crown covering the stem up and down leaving the middle empty.
While • for (Weeping) trees have a strains of leaves cover it's stem making is look like a mop when it's standing up.
• (Irregular) trees have leaves covering it's stem with some little bit of gap which displays stem.
• (spreading)trees are made of crown leaves which cover the stem and spreads wide.
• (Conical)trees Have leaves covering it's stem from top down to the ground with their being pointed.
• (Columnar) trees have also pointed tops, their leaves are cover the stem.
• (Vase) trees have a big crown on top with small ones covering their stem.
Now for the last ones,
• (upright)trees have thick stem and small branches comparing to the roots and their leaves cover the stem like a cap.
• (Round) trees as the new implies their leaves covering their stem forming a round shape.
• (Symmetry) trees have the leaves arrange in a symmetrical way such as the name.
Looking more closely, we come to see that tree tense to take our every day regular shape which make drawing them easily understandable and they can look more like [triangle, circle, kite, rectangle or a star shape].
◾ Various ways of Colouring of tree
There are few ways which I use to add colour to tree. To colour a tree after drawing if the shadow area is already shade when drawn,
There are various ways which we can colour trees. We can idea make the tree leaves to have a hard edge brushes such as (hard watercolor) brush, Hard pen and pencil brushes.
The Colouring process will not be stressful because the lineart shaded areas will add more details when coloured.
First after drawing, I create a layer below and paint in the central colour as the basecolour of the trees.
I added gradient to my basecolour make build from regular shapes to form shapes with 3D dimensions.
Next on another new layer, I use the hard watercolor brush to add details such as leaves to the trees,
Now I create a layer above the lineart layer and add the reflection of light ray on the direction of the light sources.
That is how I draw and colour trees using my hard brushes.
◾ Light source of tree
Keep this basic forms and shapes of tree mentioned above in mind as you work and combined with the chosen direction of light with all attributes - shadows and highlights; it also casts a shadow onto other forms.
All the forms (big and small) are subjects to the same light source[the sun] depending on the light source direction of ray on the tree changes the shadows and highlights of the tree.
The overall forms of tree will look realistic.
◾ Planes and lighting of trees
Single tone plane of darkening the mass background of a tree scene; this is a method using in draw to direct the concentration of viewers to foreground by defining the foreground trees to be colour with a (light) while that of background trees a (dark) colour.
Meanwhile that of Single tone plane of lightening of the mass background is the method using in draw to direct the concentration of viewers to background by defining the background with lighter colour while that of foreground a darker colour.
Knowing the kind of plane to use help you when choosing colour for your colour palette.
◾ Drawing and colouring of a Single tree structures
When ever we want to draw a tree, it is always advice able that we look for a good and suitable real life reference of a tree that when ever we get confuse along the way we can back to it for clarification.
Define the height and the width of it.
(Note I just randomly handpick the those number so are not accurate But just to show that different trees have different sizes).
Are the trunk and branches straight or curved?
Draw in the major leaf masses using round shapes to layout the front leaf forms on a new layer.
(I will advise that you create a new layer for every aspect so that if there is any mistake it can be easily corrected then after everything if you want you can Marge them)
At this point, we are through with the drawing part, we can now add colour to the tree by using this choosen colour palette.
Adding the main colours as the base colour below the drawn lineart layer, use the (Gradient)tool to add gradient of colour to the base colour.
With the lines art already pointing out the shade areas we can just go are head and just add the dark colour in those shaded areas.
Next is to identify way is direction of light is coming from, showing the shadow and highlights. Shade those areas.
Also you can control value with texture shading
(by more shading in the shaded areas, less shading in the areas that face the light source).
The next is to add some leaf details and White snow effect on a new created layer above the lineart layer.
Here, we can now add some environmental background below all the layer to avoid it affecting the various Trees figures,
Then the last finish touch I do is to create another new layer above the tree figure layers and set to (Multiply), the I added a dark blue colour to that of the fifth tree,
And add their various names then it is finish.
Finally, we can now refine and add our finishing touches with we have finish drawing and painting a single tree is a figure setting on a plane [Gardenia].
◾ Drawing and Colouring of a forest with dense tree
Forest as we know is an environment covered with trees and those tree can be of this same form or of different forms.
Some can be more taller than their by neighboring tree;
This is a place with two or more trees together which may be of different forms as reference below,
So first thing we need do is to rough sketch the trees on different planes using different layer which
Thanks for sticking till the end, I just hope This is of good help to beginners and easy to understand by all, if their is any complicated along the way please comment below, I will always be happy to hear from you so bye for now.