In CLIP STUDIO PAINT, the sizes and intervals of entered characters (text) can be adjusted, and “Ruby character (reading)” functions also exist. The following will describe how to use these tools.
 Timing of text setting
The detailed adjustments of the text are done with the [Tool Property] and [Sub Tool Detail] palette (PRO/EX).
The [Sub Tool Detail] palette is displayed by selecting [Window] → [Sub Tool Detail] or by clicking the [Sub Tool Detail] icon on the bottom right of the [Tool Property] palette.
Depending on whether you adjust the text settings before or during the text input, the settings will be applied to the text frames created afterwards or not.
■1. Changing the settings before entering text
When no text is entered (or text has already been confirmed and the input is completed), nothing is displayed in the preview (part framed in red) of the [Tool Property] and the [Sub Tool Details] palette, and the line of the text frame is displayed in black.
Note:The operation handle design has been changed from Ver. 1.9.1
The current course uses screenshots from Ver. 1.9.0 or earlier.
If the text settings are changed before entering text, the same settings will be applied to all text frames created subsequently.
■2. Changing the settings while entering text
When entering text, the hint [Text editing] is displayed in the preview (part framed in red) of the [Tool Property] and the [Sub Tool Detail] palette, and the outline of the text frame is displayed in green.
If the text settings are changed while entering text, the settings will only be applied to the current text frame.
Creating a new text frame and entering text will restore the settings from before.
 Font settings
The font’s type, size and other modifications can be adjusted.
Select the font to use. Fonts can be selected with the [Font List], which displays registered fonts, and [Mixing font], which combines different fonts according to their character types, such as kanji and hiragana in Japanese.
■2. [Size], [Horizontal ratio] and [Vertical ratio]
・[Size] specifies the character size.
・[Horizontal ratio] extends/shortens the width of a character by specifying it in %.
・[Vertical ratio] extends/shortens the height of a character by specifying it in %.
[POINT] Character settings for Japanese manga
In general, 18/20 Q (class) is the most common character size for storyboards (dialogs) used with B4 manga manuscripts when submitting to Japanese manga magazines. In pt-units (points-units), it should be roughly 12-14pt. When it comes to line spacing, it is recommended to use 125% if there is no character reading and 150% if there is character reading.
Manga manuscripts (for commercial magazines) that are printed in B4 are usually reduced in size and are actually drawn 1.2 times larger. Consider this when creating a one-to-one draft.
Since fanzine manuscripts are usually printed in their “actual sizes”, it is recommended to set the size of the text to roughly 10-12 pt. The line spacing should be roughly 125%.
The units for the text are initially set to [pt (points)], but they can be set to [Q (class)] under [Text unit] in the [Ruler/Unit] category of the [Preferences] window found in the [File] menu.
■3. [Word space] and [Character spacing]
This adjusts the gap between characters. [Word space] and [Character spacing] are set with points and % respectively.
Bold/Italic/Open Face can be set here.
 Settings for [Line space/Alignment]
[Justify] sets the alignment of texts with multiple lines. The direction of the alignment depends on whether the text is vertical or horizontal.
■2. [Line space]
This specifies the space between lines. The settings under [How to specify], are set in pixel units for [Specify length] and in % (percentage) for [By percentage].
For manga storyboards (dialogs), it is common to set this to around 125%-140%. Setting [How to specify] to [By percentage] will make it easier to handle, as the ratio of line spaces do not change when the text size is changed.
 Settings for the [Text] category
The settings for all texts are made here, including the [Vertical] and [Horizontal] alignment.
■1. [Text direction]
Set the alignment to vertical or horizontal.
Choose from [Canvas setting] → [ON] or [OFF].
Initially this is set to [Canvas setting], while anti-aliasing is turned OFF if the canvas’ basic expression color is set to [Monochrome].
The [Basic expression color] of a document is set when the canvas is first created (figure below). After that, it can be changed by selecting the [Edit] menu ([Page Management] menu for the EX version) → [Change basic page settings].
■ 3. [Wrap text at frame] and [Align frames]
When [Wrap text at frame] is turned ON, the size of a text frame can be adjusted after entering the text, and the text is automatically wrapped at the edge of the frame. For the element [Align frames], adjust the text layout by setting [Left/Center/Right align] for horizontal texts and [Up/Center/Bottom align] for vertical texts.
■4. [Edge] and [Edge color]
This adds edges around the characters. Edges are added to individual text frames independently from the layer property’s border effects. Click the color bar next to [Edge color] to select a color.
Another way to add edges to text is by using the [Border effect] from the [Layer Property] palette.
However, edges are added to individual layers with this method.
When using the [Text] tool and the [Tool Property] palette, the settings are only applied to the selected text frame.
In this case, edges cannot be added to balloons created with the balloon tools.
・Use the [Text] tool to put edges around individual text frames.
・Use the [Border effect] in the layer property palette to put edges around the contents of an entire layer.
■5. [Background color]
Use this to add color to the text’s background. Under [Opacity], you can configure the opacity of the colors.
 Settings for the [Edit settings] category
These settings let you toggle the handles of text frames on and off, and adjust the text colors. Additionally, you can set whether to place new text frames on an existing layer or on a new text layer.
■1. [Show resize handle]
Show or hide the resize handles of the text frames by checking and unchecking this element.
■2. [Text color]
Selects a text color here. The [User color] uses a specific color that has been set in advance. This can be specified by clicking [Select user color...] in the drop-down menu.
The main color and sub color are the same as those in the tool palette. The colors in use are reflected under [Text color].
■3. [How to add]
Select here, whether to create a layer when creating a text frame or not.
 Saving text settings in the sub tools
When repeatedly using specific text settings for font type and size, it is possible to duplicate the settings in the sub tool palette and save them.